Monday, September 30, 2013

September 30, 2013


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Review and give extra help and practice if needed.

Today in First Grade

Phonics: 

We worked on Uu again.  Not because it is really hard, but it is a little hard.  
Here are also the spelling words on the board along with some u words we talked about.   We compared the words sun and son and how they sound the same but mean different things and are spelled differently.  We talked about what a bud is (something that is starting to grow or a flower that is not opened up yet.)   We talked about the bun of a hamburger and the bun of a girl's hairdo.   We talked about the word sub and how it means under, such as in submarine (under water) or subway (a way under the city), and how the sandwich (see submarine sandwich in Wikipedia) and subway eating place got their name.  And we talked about what a mug for hot coco is.  Vocabulary is very important.  New words don't have to be big, just new.  -Or explaining the meaning of familiar words.  Words are fun!   



Reading Groups:



Group A:    We continued with the book    School Then and Now.  It has some hard words we       needed to practice a bit more.

Group B:         Hamburger           Sniff

Group C:      Birthday Cakes         Tickling

Math:
We did more practice and review.  We are moving slowly.  This idea of more than and fewer than is confusing for many of the children.

We are getting out an hour early each day for parents to meet with teachers.  Hope to see you there.

Friday, September 27, 2013

September 27, 2013


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Review and give extra help and practice if needed.

Today in First Grade

Today was mostly a review day.

This morning we attempted to do the computer programs.  It will take practice for all of us to learn how to run the computer system and make this work right for 20 children at once.

Phonics:

Today was a review day.  We reviewed what we had learned so far.  The next big thing we will be learning is the C & K rules.  We have talked about the c and k a lot so far this year, but we will soon be having our official lessons about them next week.  

Reading Groups:

Group A:     School Then and Now

Group B:      Too Busy       Meet My Family

Group C:       In a Cold, Cold Place         Rain         In the Ocean

Math:

 We reviewed and practiced subtraction.  We learned that to find the "difference" (what the answer of a subtraction is called) you subtract the smaller number from the larger number.  So we practiced lining the two numbers up next to each other, finding the same part, the more part, and the fewer part.  We talked about how finding and separating the same part was like taking away the smaller number from the larger number to find the part that is left (the part that is the difference--thus, the answer to  subtraction problem is called the difference.)  It is very hard for children to understand that "How much fewer?" means the difference (or missing part), when they want it to mean "Which number is fewer or less." 





We read books, took the week's spelling test, had PE, etc.  It was Friday and almost the end of September.

Spelling Words for this week:



Next week we will be getting out of school early each day so the teachers can meet with the parents.  Hope to see you all then.

Thursday, September 26, 2013

September 26, 2013


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Review and give extra help and practice if needed.

Today in first Grade

Phonics:   We did the letter Uu.

We are also adding some computer phonics programs that the district has purchased for our use.  They are supposed to help children with phonics and reading.  We will be trying to do them each day, but first we have to figure it all out.

Reading Groups:

Group A:      Long Ago  (It has some hard words like phone, photographs, watch, traveled.)

Group B:      The Magnifying Glass   (Magnifying glass, through)

Group C:       The Goat           Follow Me  

Math:

Today we talked about what a math model is and some examples.  A model is something that represents something else.  We talked about four different kinds today:  Dots, Number Line, Ten Frame, and the Bar Model.
The bar model is one that our math program has been using a lot so far.



Above is what the math problem 10 - 3 = 7 could look like on each of these models.


We reviewed and practiced words and meanings for subtraction sentences.  The answer to an addition sentence is a sum.  The answer to a subtraction sentence is the difference.  The part that two numbers have in common is called the "same." The part that they are not the same is called the "difference."  Within the difference is the part know as the "less" or "fewer" part (where there are some missing), the "more" part (where one part has some that the other does not), and the "in all" part is what they are when added together.  When finding information in a math story or situation, we look for those words or similar words to tell us the information we need to figure it out and know what is wanted for an answer.

Word play and spelling words.
We looked at some words that sound the same but are different.  We have talked about a lot of shortened words such as sub, vet, add, ad, lab, hippo, and phone.


It could be a good activity to have your child tell you about the books they read in their reading groups today. 
It would also be wise to ask them to explain what they learned in math.  They did bring home a math paper with some math vocabulary words on it.  

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

September 25, 2013

Today there was a substitute.
I am sure that the kids had a great day!  I left all kinds of activities and lessons for them to do.  The principal, Mr. Heaton, taught the class.  They had a very good teacher!

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

September 24, 2013


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Today in First Grade

Phonics: 

X is an interesting letter.  it makes two sounds together--"ks" so it is easy to get mixed up with ks or cks.  It does not need to be doubles when a vowel follows it, it needs an es to make a word plural that ends with an x, and it sounds like a z when it is at the first of a word.


Math

We are still working on subtraction.   We are finding part of a large number by taking away one of the numbers.

In word play we had a discussion about "ch" and "sh" and some words we did were cash, check.   


I try to help students tell the sound of a ch from an "sh" by saying that the "ch" is like a train and the "sh" is like a snake that is bing told to be quiet.



Monday, September 23, 2013

September 23, 2013


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Today in first Grade

We talked about how it is now fall, what makes the leaves turn colors, and why they turn colors up in the mountains faster then down in the valleys.

Phonics:

Our letter was Yy.  We practiced learning the correct way to write the Y and words that start with y.   We also used a couple y words to practice knowing when to use the ck at the end of the word (when there is a short vowel before it.)  We also practiced the ing and ed endings with some of the words.  We also mentioned how the "ow" makes two different sounds-- the sound you make when you get hurt such as in house, and the long O sound such as at the end of yellow.

Reading groups:



Math


As we are practicing subtraction, I am trying to show them that the same math facts we are learning for addition are the same ones we use for subtraction.  The two numbers we add together to make a big number are related to each other when we take one of them away again from the big number.

Word Play

We made lots of words with our letters today.  Two of the big words we made were hopped and shopped, which required us to double a letter in order to add the "ed" ending.

Spelling words for this week are:

There will be a substitute teacher on Wednesday morning.

Friday, September 20, 2013

September 20, 2013


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Today in First Grade

Phonics:   Today we practiced the letter Ww.  Did you know that in spanish they call it the double V instead of the double U?  We talked about the quiet d in the word Wednesday.  We also talked about how the w affects the letter a.  Most of the time, the letter w makes the a say the short o sound.  You can see examples of it in the words I wrote on the board.  There are a few words that the w does not change the letter a, such as the word wax. 




Reading Groups






group A:   To the Ocean       Our Heroes

Group B:       Wonderful Wheat      Apple Tree Year

Group C:    The Party      Twins      Jobs: 


Math:
We did papers to practice subtraction.  There was library, P. E. and Drama.
Sorry that there was a mix up about the cookies and the party.  I put the cookies in the freezer at school and we will have our party on Monday!  Thank you for your kindness everyone showed me and all the fun the kids had wishing me happy birthday.  You made it a special day!

Thursday, September 19, 2013

September 19, 2013


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Today in first Grade


Phonics:     Today we did the letter Vv.  During phonics practice and through out the days we are always talking about words and their meanings and the way letters work to make words.   Here are just a few of the words we talked about today.

We wrote words with Vv.  We talked about words that sound the same as some of our spelling words.    We related the "ch" to a train to try to remember what sound it makes..like a train saying "Ch, ch, ch, ch."  We talked about contractions and how a letter or letters pop out of the words when they are squeezed together.  The children are finding it fun to find contractions in our reading.  We have also compared contractions with compound words to know the difference.  These are all things that we will continue to talk about all year long.











Reading Groups:


Group A:  

Group B:  

Group C:


Math:

We started talking about vocabulary words that we use when we are talking about subtraction.  So we did a word sort with these four phrases.  When we counted the days this morning, this was the 25th day of school.  So we changed our collection of daily pennies for a quarter.  Which lead into a discussion about what a quarter is, how it is a fourth of a dollar, and what a fraction is.  I have talked about fractions a little bit on several other days also.


We read lots of books.  We made words with letters.  We practiced our spelling words.

We also read two stories together.  I think the children really enjoy reading together.  We read:  Todd's Box    and      Corn


Wednesday, September 18, 2013

September 18, 2013


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Today in Frist Grade

Phonics:   We did the letter Tt.

Reading Groups:
You can click on pictures to make them bigger.

Group A:      We Need Water

Group B:     School Then and Now

Group C:  Where's Your Tooth?    Big and Small       Around the Seasons


Math:

We didn't really have a math lesson today.  Mrs Bassett had a lesson about talents, and there was an assembly after lunch, and it was early out.  We didn't have time in the schedule.  So we worked on finishing an assignment that needed more time.

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

September 17, 2013



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Today in first Grade

Phonics:
We practiced some sight words:  come, some, you, your, father, mother, do, said

Reading Groups:



Group A:       Rain       Sandwiches

Group B:         In the Rain Forest       Long Ago

Group C:        Alphabet Party       Who Will Help      When the Rain Comes

Math:

We have started our unit on subtraction.  We learned a lot today.  We have been thinking about adding and putting together so much that it is hard for the children to suddenly start understanding "taking away" or "comparing."
You can click on a picture to make it bigger.

Above are some subtraction vocabulary words we learned.


We talked about how there are two kinds of subtraction problems that we learn in first grade.  We learn the "taking away" kind where you have one number and take some away from it.  And we learn the comparing kind where you have two numbers and you want to compare them and find the difference.



We learned that when we are comparing two numbers, there are three parts: the same part, the more part, and the fewer part.  When children are asked "How many fewer?" they usually answer incorrectly by giving the smaller number we are comparing.  It is a hard concept for them to understand that the fewer part is the part that is missing when comparing the two numbers.  (We find it by subtracting the smaller number from the larger one.)

We also did just a little bit of reviewing about using two addends to make a sum.

Other things we did.  We made words with letters.  We practiced writing two sentences about the sun.  We went to the Book Mobile.  We watched the end part of the movie about the sun that we didn't finish last time.  And we watched a 7 minute movie of "The House That Jack Built."  I recited the poem of "The House That Jack Built" and encouraged them to memorize poems or other thing they like.

Spelling words for this week are:


Monday, September 16, 2013

September 16, 2013


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Today in First Grade

Phonics:  We practiced the letter Oo.

Reading Groups:


Math

Today was our last day on the addition unit.  We did the last work sheets and then did an activity to practice the ways to make numbers.  We used beans and moved them to different sides of the pink paper.  We ten drew what it looked like on the big paper.  

Today we had computers and PE in the afternoon.  

Friday, September 13, 2013

September 13, 2013

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Today in First Grade

Phonics:  

We worked on sentences again.  We are trying to understand what a sentence is and to use a capital letter at the first and a punctuation at the end.  So we had a lesson on the different ending punctuations.  We talked about periods for statements, question marks for something that needs an answer, and exclamation marks for things that are emotional or exciting.  We practiced guessing if sentences that teacher said were statements or a questions.  Then we practiced writing a few small sentences.


Reading Groups:

Group A:       I'm Brave     Living and Nonliving

Group B:      The Migration      Our Heroes

Group C:    Too Busy       Hamburger       Meet My Family

Math:

I don't have a lesson to share about math today.  We are coming to the end of our unit on learning addition.  The students did work by themselves to see if they knew how to do what we have tried to  learn.   Next week we will start a unit on subtraction.

Library , PE, and Drama today.

We had our end of the week spelling test on this week's 8 words.  Here are the results.  I have written, beside the word, the number of children that missed that word.   (There are 20 in the class.)  It also shows next weeks words.  (We practiced these words 4 times in class.)


The children are supposed to be bringing home their spelling papers and showing you the words they miss each time.  (Hopefully your child is bringing home a paper each week showing they are getting their spelling words all correct!)


Have you been helping your child learn their 0 math facts.  They should be really easy.  They only get harder from here.  Practice them in the car going to Cedar, helping them in the bathtub, cleaning their bedrooms, folding laundry, to earn a prize such as their TV time or desert.  Next week we will begin our 1 addition math facts.  (0+1, 1+1, 2+1, 3+1, 4+1, 5+1, 6+1,7+1, 8+1, 9+1, 10+1, 11+1, 12+1)  If they learn the easy ones well, it will help them when we get to the hard ones.

Thursday, September 12, 2013

September 12, 2013

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Today in First Grade

Phonics:        We practiced the letter Ss and made words that have an s in them.  

Reading Groups:


Group A:    Under the Sky    ( worm, soil, flower)

Group B:    To the Ocean     (ocean, mountains, streams, waterfall)

Group C:     The Magnifying Glass   
                      Where are the Seeds?
                      Where is Water?

Math:



We had a lesson about the words horizontal and vertical.  We then played the game "Simon says horizontal or vertical."  If teacher says vertical, you stand tall.  If teacher says horizontal, you lie on the floor.  We had fun! 

We followed this game with a lesson about being able to write math equations in either horizontal form (that we had used so far), or in vertical form.



We practiced writing equations both horizontal and vertical.  Then we practiced with some worksheets.

After lunch we did lots of good learning stuff.  When we did our word play activity, we used letters to make words with the digraph ck.  So we had a lesson about how and why to use ck.  



If we end a word with k, and the word has a short vowel, it seems to work at first.  But what if we need to put an ending "ing" or "ed" on the word.  Then the vowel in the ending could jump over one consonant to give power to the other vowel to make it have the long sound.  We can block the vowels from jumping by putting two letters between them, often by doubling the letter.  So, we could put kk to keep the vowels apart.  That seems to work, however, someone somewhere said that we shouldn't put two k's together.  So that won't work.  So we had the idea to put  c and  k together (since they have the same sound) like this -- kc.  That seems to work.  It does keep the vowels apart.  However, this causes a problem with the c rule that says  e  and  i  change  c  to the sound of an s.  What are we going to do now?  Then some children had the idea to change the kc to ck.  Great idea!  It works.  So whenever a word ends with k, if there is a short vowel, then we need to put  c  in front of the k.  

We ended the last ten minutes watching a movie about the sun.  We have finished with the moon for now and have moved on to the sun.

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

September 11, 2013

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Today in First Grade


We got a new student in our class today.  Now we have 20 students in first grade.

Phonics:

Today we practiced the letter Nn and made words with it.

Reading Groups:

Group A       Winter    --coat, gloves, boots, put
                     On My Head     --head, wear, (double letter before adding "ing"--swimming, fishing)
                       (if the vowel is long, then no double letter when adding "ing"   --riding, skating)

Group B       Sandwiches  --  sandwiches (especially the "es" on the end), the days of the week
                     We Need Water  --people, oceans, rivers, lakes, washing

Group C   Apple Tree Year  --leaves, names of the seasons,     

                Homes Around the World  --clay, apartment



Math:


Together, we found the 6 ways to make 5 and the 10 ways to make 9.  We talked about how you can guess or you can do the pattern to make sure you found all the ways.  Then they had to find all the ways to make ten by themselves.


After lunch we read, as a class, the story Jack and Rick.  We talked about having problems and solving them, helping each other, and working together.  We also talked about figuring out who was Rick and who was Jack.  Sometimes you have to figure things out from the clues in the story.  We also talked about bridges.


Some other things we talked about during the day:
The endings ing, s, and ed.
The letters that make the "a" say the short "o" sound-- L as in all, R as in bar, W as in water or raw, and u as in Paul.

Wednesday --early out.

Tuesday, September 10, 2013

September 10, 2013

Today in First Grade

Phonics:

In our phonics today we practiced the letter Pp and made words with p.

Reading Groups

Group A   Fishbowl   Play Ball!

Group B   Rain

Group C   Wonderful Wheat    My Neighborhood


Math:

We tried using snap cubes to discover the ways to make the numbers, 6,7,8, and 9.  Drawing the patterns with x's was easier for them to understand than changing the snap cubes.


After lunch some of us worked on learning english with computers while the rest of us read books.
Then we made words with letters (one of our funnest activities.)







We have started working on our math facts.  We talked about how a fact is something that never, ever changes.  A fact is something we can just know.  We must practice our math facts so that we don't need to count or figure them out.  We need to just know them automatically.  We started with the math facts of:

0+0=0   0+1=1   0+2=2   0+3=3  0+4=4   0+5=5   0+6=6   0+7=7  0+8=8   0+9=9   0+10=10

0+11=11    0+12=12

(Please help your children practice and memorize these math facts.  We will soon start the math facts of 1's (where you add one to any number.)

We have a practice spelling test each Tuesday.  Some of the children spelled all the words correctly, but many could not.  Spelling words for this week are: